Common Anterior Ocular Conditions

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome occurs when there is a chronic lack of moisture and lubrication on the front surface of the eye. This can occur if the tears evaporate too quickly or if the eye is not producing enough tears. Symptoms include: a persistent dry feeling, scratchy/burning/stinging eyes, feeling as though something is in the eye and even excessively watery or “weepy” eyes. Dry eyes can be a side effect of certain diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. They can also be a side effect of medications such as certain blood pressure medications and birth control pills. Other common causes of dry eye include: Lasik, contact lens wear, air conditions and weather. Dry eye can be treated using various drops, ointments, nutritional supplements and punctual plugs.


Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids. Symptoms include: red, swollen eyelids with a crusty debris at the base of the eyelashes. This is usually caused when the oil glands that line the eyelash margins become blocked. Blepharitis can cause styes, conjunctivits (commonly known as pink eye) and keratitis (corneal inflammation) when left uncontrolled. Common treatments of blepharitis include warm compresses, lid scrubs, certain nutritional supplements and artificial tears/lubricating ointments.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis or more commonly known as pink eye is a viral or bacterial infection of the eye. Pink eye is usually contagious and is common among pre-school and school-aged children. Symptoms include pink, watery eye with usually a watery or mucous discharge. Treatments include: antibiotic drops, ointments and artificial tears.

Ocular Allergies

Ocular allergy symptoms include red, itchy, watery eyes. Ocular allergies can be a cause of certain make-up, eye drops and ointments or even environmental factors such as pollen, mold, dust and pet dander. Eye drops are usually prescribed to help alleviate the symptoms if not prevent them all together.